Jack thinks it necessary to preserve a high moral tone in the presence of Cecily and her governess. To escape from this restraint, he invents an imaginary brother named Ernest, who is supposed to be quite a reprobate and whose name and general mode of behavior Jack assumes during his frequent trips to London.
George Canninge The Marquess of Queensberrythe father of Wilde's lover Lord Alfred Douglas who was on holiday in Algiers at the timehad planned to disrupt the play by throwing a bouquet of rotten vegetables at the playwright when he took his bow at the end of the show.
Wilde and Alexander learned of the plan, and the latter cancelled Queensberry's ticket and arranged for policemen to bar his entrance.
Nevertheless, he continued harassing Wilde, who eventually launched a private prosecution against the peer for criminal libeltriggering a series of trials ending in Wilde's imprisonment for gross indecency.
Alexander tried, unsuccessfully, to save the production by removing Wilde's name from the billing, [n 2] but the play had to close after only 86 performances.
The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde: Summary At the beginning of the play a wealthy Algernon (Algy) is waiting for his aunt, Lady Bracknell and her daughter Gwendolen to visit him in his flat in London. The most prevalent reason characters in The Importance of Being Earnest lie is to get out of social or familial duties and do something more enjoyable. Fair enough, right? Fair enough, right? Not surprisingly, few characters hold honesty in high regard. The Importance of Being Earnest, A Trivial Comedy for Serious People is a play by Oscar Wilde. First performed on 14 February at the St James's Theatre in London, it is a farcical comedy in which the protagonists maintain fictitious personæ to escape burdensome social obligations.
William ArcherA. Wells and George Bernard Shaw In contrast to much theatre of the time, The Importance of Being Earnest light plot does not tackle serious social and political issues, something of which contemporary reviewers were wary.
Though unsure of Wilde's seriousness as a dramatist, they recognised the play's cleverness, humour and popularity with audiences. Walkley admired the play and was one of few to see it as the culmination of Wilde's dramatic career. He denied the term "farce" was derogatory, or even lacking in seriousness, and said "It is of nonsense all compact, and better nonsense, I think, our stage has not seen.
Wellsin an unsigned review for The Pall Mall Gazettecalled Earnest one of the freshest comedies of the year, saying "More humorous dealing with theatrical conventions it would be difficult to imagine.
The most prevalent reason characters in The Importance of Being Earnest lie is to get out of social or familial duties and do something more enjoyable. Fair enough, right? Fair enough, right? Not surprisingly, few characters hold honesty in high regard. The ThemeTracker below shows where, and to what degree, the theme of The Art of Deception: Fact v. Fiction appears in each scene of The Importance of Being Earnest. Click or tap on any chapter to read its Summary & Analysis. The Importance of Being Earnest by Oscar Wilde: Summary At the beginning of the play a wealthy Algernon (Algy) is waiting for his aunt, Lady Bracknell and her daughter Gwendolen to visit him in his flat in London.
Tapping's company toured Earnest between October and March their performance at the Theatre Royal, Limerick, in the last week of October was almost certainly the first production of the play in Ireland. Elsie Lanham's company also toured 'Earnest' between November and April Alexander presented another revival of Earnest at the St James's inwhen he and Aynesworth reprised their original roles;  the revival ran for performances.
Matthews succeeded the creators as Jack and Algy.
It was not until the s that the case for s costumes was established; as a critic in The Manchester Guardian put it, "Thirty years on, one begins to feel that Wilde should be done in the costume of his period—that his wit today needs the backing of the atmosphere that gave it life and truth.
The Times considered the production the best since the original, and praised it for its fidelity to Wilde's conception, its "airy, responsive ball-playing quality.
During a season at the Haymarket the King and Queen attended a performance,  which, as the journalist Geoffrey Wheatcroft put it, gave the play "a final accolade of respectability. The play is set in "The Present" i.
Ernest has come from the country to propose to Algernon's cousin, Gwendolen Fairfax. Algernon refuses to consent until Ernest explains why his cigarette case bears the inscription, "From little Cecily, with her fondest love to her dear Uncle Jack.
In the country, he assumes a serious attitude for the benefit of his young wardthe heiress Cecily Cardew, and goes by the name of John or Jackwhile pretending that he must worry about a wastrel younger brother named Ernest in London.
In the city, meanwhile, he assumes the identity of the libertine Ernest. Algernon confesses a similar deception: Jack refuses to tell Algernon the location of his country estate.
Gwendolen and her formidable mother Lady Bracknell now call on Algernon who distracts Lady Bracknell in another room while Jack proposes to Gwendolen. She accepts, but seems to love him in large part because of his name, Ernest. Jack accordingly resolves to himself to be rechristened "Ernest".
Discovering them in this intimate exchange, Lady Bracknell interviews Jack as a prospective suitor.
Horrified to learn that he was adopted after being discovered as a baby in a handbag at Victoria Station, she refuses him and forbids further contact with her daughter.
Gwendolen manages to covertly promise to him her undying love. As Jack gives her his address in the country, Algernon surreptitiously notes it on the cuff of his sleeve: Jack's revelation of his pretty and wealthy young ward has motivated his friend to meet her.
Algernon arrives, pretending to be Ernest Worthing, and soon charms Cecily. Long fascinated by Uncle Jack's hitherto absent black sheep brother, she is predisposed to fall for Algernon in his role of Ernest a name she is apparently particularly fond of.
Therefore, Algernon, too, plans for the rectorDr. Chasuble, to rechristen him "Ernest". Jack has decided to abandon his double life. He arrives in full mourning and announces his brother's death in Paris of a severe chill, a story undermined by Algernon's presence in the guise of Ernest.
Gwendolen now enters, having run away from home. During the temporary absence of the two men, she meets Cecily, each woman indignantly declaring that she is the one engaged to "Ernest".
When Jack and Algernon reappear, their deceptions are exposed.
The revelation of Cecily's wealth soon dispels Lady Bracknell's initial doubts over the young lady's suitability, but any engagement is forbidden by her guardian Jack: The impasse is broken by the return of Miss Prism, whom Lady Bracknell recognises as the person who, 28 years earlier as a family nursemaid, had taken a baby boy for a walk in a perambulator and never returned.The most prevalent reason characters in The Importance of Being Earnest lie is to get out of social or familial duties and do something more enjoyable.
Fair enough, right? Fair enough, right? Not surprisingly, few characters hold honesty in high regard. A summary of Motifs in Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Importance of Being Earnest and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans.
The Importance of Not Being “Earnest” Earnestness, which implies seriousness or sincerity, is the great enemy of morality in The Importance of Being Earnest.
The Importance of Being Earnest “A trivial comedy for serious people” by Oscar Wilde Directed by Rich Keitel March 7 – March 16, Mar 05, · The importance of being earnest essay: Focus on Social Hypocrisy. In the play Oscar Wilde, extreme focus has been levied on the aspect of hypocrisy within the society, thereby ridiculing the values of the Victorian era.5/5(92).
Explore the use of Duplicity and Deception in the Importance of Being Earnest The themes in Oscar Wilde´s “Importance of Being Earnest” such as hypocrisy, manners, dual identity, duplicity and deception are all closely linked throughout the play.