Johann Sebastian Bach b. Leipzig, Born into a musical family, Bach received his earliest instruction from his father. During these years, he performed, composed taught, and developed an interest in organ building. From he was employed by Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar, first as court organist, and afteras concertmaster.
Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg ConcertosThe Well-Tempered Clavierthe Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music.
Appearing at a propitious moment in the history of musicBach was able to survey and bring together the principal styles, forms, and national traditions that had developed during preceding generations and, by virtue of his synthesis, enrich them all.
There were Bachs in the area before then, and it may be that, when Veit moved to Wechmar, he was returning to his birthplace. He used to take his cittern to the mill and play it while the mill was grinding.
However, he learnt to keep time, and this apparently was the beginning of music in our family. Life Early years J. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach. Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences.
Of his musical education at this time, nothing definite is known; however, he may have picked up the rudiments of string playing from his father, and no doubt he attended the Georgenkirche, where Johann Christoph Bach was organist until By both his parents were dead, and he was looked after by his eldest brother, also named Johann Christoph —organist at Ohrdruf.
This Christoph had been a pupil of the influential keyboard composer Johann Pachelbeland he apparently gave Johann Sebastian his first formal keyboard lessons. He seems to have returned to Thuringia in the late summer of By this time he was already a reasonably proficient organist.
The next few months are wrapped in mystery, but by March 4,he was a member of the orchestra employed by Johann Ernst, duke of Weimar and brother of Wilhelm Ernst, whose service Bach entered in This post was a mere stopgap; he probably already had his eye on the organ then being built at the Neue Kirche New Church in Arnstadtfor, when it was finished, he helped to test it, and in August he was appointed organist—all this at age Arnstadt documents imply that he had been court organist at Weimar; this is incredible, though it is likely enough that he had occasionally played there.
The Arnstadt period At Arnstadt, on the northern edge of the Thuringian Forestwhere he remained untilBach devoted himself to keyboard music, the organ in particular.
His visit must have been profitable, for he did not return until about the middle of January In February his employers complained about his absence and about other things as well: Perhaps the real reasons for his neglect were that he was temporarily obsessed with the organ and was on bad terms with the local singers and instrumentalists, who were not under his control and did not come up to his standards.
In the summer of he had made some offensive remark about a bassoon player, which led to an unseemly scuffle in the street. His replies to these complaints were neither satisfactory nor even accommodating; and the fact that he was not dismissed out of hand suggests that his employers were as well aware of his exceptional ability as he was himself and were reluctant to lose him.
During these early years, Bach inherited the musical culture of the Thuringian area, a thorough familiarity with the traditional forms and hymns chorales of the orthodox Lutheran service, and, in keyboard music, perhaps through his brother, Johann Christoph a bias toward the formalistic styles of the south.
But he also learned eagerly from the northern rhapsodists, Buxtehude above all. By he had probably learned all that his German predecessors could teach him and arrived at a first synthesis of northern and southern German styles.
He had also studied, on his own and during his presumed excursions to Celle, some French organ and instrumental music. His real reason for resigning on June 25,is not known.Brief Biography.
Johann Sebastian Bach (b. Eisenach, ; d. Leipzig, ) positions which he retained for the rest of his career. His official duties included the reponsibility of overseeing the music in the four principal churches of the city, and organizing other musical events sponsored by .
Johann Sebastian Bach () was a composer of the Baroque period. He worked as a church musician and a court musician, and composed many works for organ and other instruments, as well as. Johann Sebastian Bach: Johann Ursprung der musicalisch-Bachischen Familie (“Origin of the Musical Bach Family”), in which he traced his ancestry back to his would have frowned on elaborate church music.
It is just as possible, however, that it was the dismal state of musical life in Mühlhausen that prompted Bach to seek employment. Watch video · A magnificent baroque-era composer, Johann Sebastian Bach is revered through the ages for his work's musical complexities and stylistic innovations.
Born . Johann Sebastian Bach was one of the greatest known musical composers of the 20th century. Take a look at his biography to find out how Johann Sebastian Bach lived his life.
Jul 31, · Stunningly filmed in locations throughout central Germany, "J.S. Bach: Life and Works" sets a new standard for artful filming of music performance.