Pakistan considers Kashmir as its core political dispute with India. So does the international community, except India.
Buddhism in Kashmir and Kashmir Shaivism This general view of the unexcavated Buddhist stupa near Baramullawith two figures standing on the summit, and another at the base with measuring scales, was taken by John Burke in The stupa, which was later excavated, dates to CE.
During ancient and medieval period, Kashmir has been an important centre for the development of a Hindu-Buddhist syncretismin which Madhyamaka and Yogachara were blended with Shaivism and Advaita Vedanta.
The Buddhist Mauryan emperor Ashoka is often credited with having founded the old capital of Kashmir, Shrinagari, now ruins on the outskirts of modern Srinagar. Kashmir was long to be a stronghold of Buddhism.
He later became a prolific translator who helped take Buddhism to China. Martand Sun Temple Central shrine, dedicated to the deity Surya. The temple complex was built by the third ruler of the Karkota dynastyEmperor Lalitaditya Muktapidain the 8th century CE.
It is one of the largest temple complexes on the Indian subcontinent. Ruins of the Martand Sun Temple. The temple was completely destroyed on the orders of Muslim Sultan Sikandar Butshikan in the early 15th century, with demolition lasting a year.
The dynasty marked the rise of Kashmir as a power in South Asia. The Madhaviya Shankaravijayam states this temple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions. The southern door of Sarvajna Pitha was opened by Adi Shankara.
The main part of the text forms a dialogue between Vashistha and Ramainterchanged with numerous short stories and anecdotes to illustrate the content.
She was a notable ruler who is often credited for saving Srinagar city from frequent floods by getting a canal constructed, named after her " Kutte Kol ".
This canal receives water from Jhelum River at the entry point of city and again merges with Jhelum river beyond the city limits. Probable date to CE, Oriental and India Office Collection. Dissensions among the ruling classes and foreign invasions were the two main factors which contributed towards the establishment of Muslim rule in Kashmir.
All the three men were granted Jagirs feudatory estates by the King. Rinchan became the ruler of Kashmir for three years.
Muslim ulamasuch as Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadaniarrived from Central Asia to proselytize in Kashmir and their efforts converted thousands of Kashmiris to Islam  and Hamadani's son also convinced Sikander Butshikan to enforce Islamic law.
By the late s most Kashmiris had accepted Islam. Afghan rule The Afghan Durrani dynasty 's Durrani Empire controlled Kashmir fromwhen weakling 15th Mughal padshah emperor Ahmad Shah Bahadur 's viceroy Muin-ul-Mulk was defeated and reinstated by the Durrani founder Ahmad Shah Durrani who conquered, roughly, modern day Afghanistan and Pakistan from the Mughals and local rulersuntil the Sikh triumph.
The Afghan rulers brutally repressed Kashmiris of all faiths according to Kashmiri historians. As the Kashmiris had suffered under the Afghans, they initially welcomed the new Sikh rulers. Further init was fully conquered by Maharaja Ranjit Singh.Sep 30, · It's a stunning region of snow-capped peaks nestled in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges favored by Bollywood directors.
Kashmir is on fire again, after militants killed 18 Indian soldiers in an early morning raid on Sept. These five facts explain why the conflict over this long-disputed region between India and.
The year conflict over Kashmir, which both India and Pakistan claim in its entirety, has flared again and raised fears of all-out war. The Kashmir dispute dates from The partition of the Indian sub-continent along religious lines led to the formation of India and Pakistan. However, there remained the problem of over "princely states" existing within the two newly independent countries. Farooq Abdullah wins the elections. The Muslim United Front (MUF) accuses that the elections have been rigged. The insurgency in the valley increases in momentum from this point on, given the consistent failure of democracy and limited employment opportunities.
The year conflict over Kashmir, which both India and Pakistan claim in its entirety, has flared again and raised fears of all-out war. Watch video · Clashes Over Kashmir A large part of the India-Pakistan rivalry centers on competing claims over the Kashmir region. This relatively small piece of land in the Himalayas has been disputed since , the year the modern state of Pakistan was created.
The decades-old Cauvery water dispute was decided unanimously by CWDT in , after determining the total availability of water in the Cauvery basin at thousand million cubic (tmc) feet at the Lower Coleroon Anicut site, including 14 tmcft for environmental protection.
Watch LIVE News, Latest Updates, Live blog, Highlights and Live coverage online at caninariojana.com Dispute Over Kashmir. Multi-Unit Debate. Specific Topic: Students will debate the India/Pakistan dispute over Kashmir.
Students will attempt to resolve the problem addressing all known areas. Region: KASHMIR Time Frame: days, 90 minute periods Written for Grade 9, .