Facts about rabies and understanding how its being transmitted

ShareCompartir The Virus Travels through the Body From numerous studies conducted on rabid dogs, cats, and ferrets, we know that when the rabies virus isintroduced into a muscle through a bite from another animal, it travels from the site of the bite to the brain by moving within nerves. The animal does not appear ill during this time. The time between the bite and the appearance of symptoms is called the incubation period and it may last for weeks to months.

Facts about rabies and understanding how its being transmitted

Book a veterinary appointment with Vetary and give back to a pet shelter in need! Myths and misconceptions are as strong today as they were 4, years ago when rabies was first recognized.

When the average person today thinks about rabies, they typically imagine dogs gone wild, foaming at the mouth, and painful shots.

Ignorance about rabies can be hazardous to your personal health and well being, as well as the safety of family members, beloved pets and livestock.

Understanding the facts about rabies, as provided in this article, can help prevent the spread of the disease, ease your concerns, or even save a life.

Even though we enjoy the benefits of 21st Century medicine, and while rabies is not as prevalent or as easy to contract as some might believe, rabies is still dangerous and even deadly to its victims, both animal and human.

Once the rabies virus travels through the nervous system and is established in the brain, a painful period of suffering leading to death is the prognosis for the vast majority of victims who do not receive treatment. There have been however a few known survivors.

Fact — You cannot contract rabies from an animal held in quarantine for 10 days after a bite or scratch.

If a land mammal that appears ill or acts different from its normal behavior happens to bite you, it is possible you could be infected with the rabies virus. The virus is typically spread through the saliva of an infected carrier in the final phase of the disease after it has reached the brain.

From thousands of years of medical observation of rabies victims, it is known that days after reaching the brain, the animal will show unmistakable symptoms of rabies.

A few extra days of quarantine are added as a precaution. Fact — Until the rabies virus reaches the brain, a bite from an infected animal does not transmit the disease to its victim.

The period between the time a victim is bitten by a rabid animal and the time it can spread the infection to others is called the incubation period. It can take a few weeks up to several months for the virus to transfer from muscle tissue, to a peripheral nerve, the central nervous system, the brain, and from there into the saliva.

This incubation time can depend on age shorter in childrenthe location of the bite the farther away from the head, the betterand the severity of the bite. Fact — A person cannot contract rabies from the blood, feces or urine of an infected animal, or from handling a carcass that is dried or mummified.

Only saliva or nerve tissue brain, spinal cord from a rabid animal can transmit the virus to another victim. It is possible to contract rabies through an open wound or mucous membrane. One possible scenario would be by contact with a water dish contaminated with saliva from a rabid dog.

Humans receiving organ transplants who died of rabies infection have proven that nerve tissue transmits the virus, as well. Fact — Bats can bite a victim without leaving a visible trace and present a unique danger for rabies infection. Bats could also carry the rabies virus.

People who are awake will feel a pinch when bitten by a bat. Because a few cases have proven rabies as the cause of death in individuals found asleep in a room with a bat, state governments have taken special steps to educate their residents.

The Colorado Public Health Department recommends prompt treatment of pets for any direct exposure to bats, such as if direct physical contact was observed, the presence of puncture wounds on the bat or pet, or the presence of saliva or injuries on the bat.

Fact — Rabies is rare in rodents, squirrels and almost non-existent in opossums. Small rodents mice, rats, guinea pigs, hamsters, chipmunks, squirrels are almost never found to be infected with rabies and have not been known to cause rabies among humans in the United States.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, bites by these animals are usually not considered a risk of rabies unless the animal was sick or behaving abnormally and rabies is a major problem in your vicinity.

Opossums have naturally evolved their metabolism to resist many common infections, as well as having a robust immune system virtually impervious to the venom of rattlesnakes, vipers such as cottonmouth snakes, and spiders.

Their extremely low body temperature of 94 to 97 degrees F is an inhospitable environment for survival of the rabies virus and other common wildlife diseases. There have been only 5 confirmed cases of a rabies infected opossum in Texas since Fact — Human-to-human transmission of rabies is possible, but very rare.

There have been 8 confirmed cases of death due to human-to-human rabies transmission as the result of a corneal transplant operation. Fact — The signs of rabies in an infected animal are not easily recognized. Foaming at the mouth can be a symptom of many conditions more common than rabies, such as roundworms, ticks, poisoning, liver failure, allergies, distemper, and dehydration.

It is important to remember it is the total package of symptoms that add up to a possible diagnosis of rabies. Be alert for changes in behavior. A dog that is normally friendly may avoid people. Dogs that are not normally sociable may act friendly to strangers. Animals may become aggressive, make strange noises or erratic movements, and attack other animals or humans, or self-mutilate.

They may have trouble drinking, swallowing, or chewing.Rabies is categorized as a zoonotic disease, meaning that it is a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans, or from humans to animals.

Facts about rabies and understanding how its being transmitted

In fact, according to the World Health Organization, 55, people die of rabies every year. Rabies is caused by a virus that affects the central nervous system. It can be transmitted by bites and scratches from an infected animal, often a dog. / Rabies Facts & Prevention Tips. Rabies Facts & Prevention Tips Rabies Facts.

Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central nervous system. Transmission is usually through a bite wound, but the disease has been known to spread through a scratch or an existing open wound. Fact #1: Rabies can be transmitted from all mammals including cats, monkeys and not just dogs.

Transmitted mainly through the saliva, the bite or scratch of an infected animal can lead to infection. Despite its severity, there is still much the public and even health professionals may not know about rabies.

1. Rabies is not as rare as you think. Rabies is a disease based in antiquity. Ignorance about rabies can be hazardous to your personal health and well being, as well as the safety of family members, beloved pets and livestock.

Understanding the facts about rabies, as provided in this article, can help prevent the spread of the disease, ease your concerns, or even save a life.

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