Human Because nonhuman animals lack some mental abilities, we regard them as property, the only moral constraint that we observe on our use of other animals is an obligation not to make them suffer. Animals not only have consciousness, but some have more consciousness then some of us human beings. Thats why, Cartmill is attempting to try to persuade people, mainly philosophers and scientists, that animals have consciousness. Matt Cartmill strongly supports the idea that animals have consciousness.
By Matt Cartmill Let me propose a thought experiment. Now suppose that a certain drug suppresses neural activity in just this nucleus, with no effect on the rest of the brain. Subjects who take this drug do things as usual, but they experience nothing.
The drug converts them into sleepwalkers. It abolishes consciousness forever, with no effect on behavior. I want to test it on you. How much will you charge to take it? I think the question answers itself. Spending your life as a sleepwalker is equivalent to being dead, and so you will charge me whatever price you would charge to commit suicide.
I offer this thought experiment to dispel the notion that conscious awareness is too metaphysical and subjective a phenomenon for science to concern itself with.
The phenomenon of consciousness is the source of all value in our lives. As such, it should be at the top of the scientific agenda.
Yet despite its fundamental importance, consciousness is a subject that most scientists are reluctant to deal with. We know practically nothing about either its mechanisms or its evolution.
In fact, many distinguished scientists and philosophers believe that consciousness has no evolutionary history, because they think that human beings are the only creatures that have it. Although most scientists will admit in private that our close animal relatives probably have mental lives something like ours because, after all, they have bodies and brains and behavior that resemble oursa lot of scientists are reluctant to say so plainly and publicly; and those who do can count on being accused of sentimentality and anthropomorphism.
If you have a dog, you have probably had the experience of seeing your dog search out a favorite toy and bring it to you in hopes of getting you to play with him. There are at least two ways we can do this. First, we can use clumsy behavioral circumlocutions for mental language.
Instead of saying, "The dog looked for his ball until he found it," we can say something like, "The dog exhibited repeated bouts of investigative behavior, which ceased after he contacted the ball.
Second, if we find these circumlocutions silly and tedious, we can adopt some variant of what is sometimes called "logical behaviorism," in which the mental words are still used but they are redefined in terms of the probabilities of certain behaviors. Why Not Attribute Consciousness to Animals?
Why do scientists and philosophers go through all these contortions to avoid attributing mental states to animals?
There are several reasons, some of which are better than others.Matt Cartmill. Professor Emeritus of Evolutionary Anthropology. External address: Biological Sciences Bldg, Durham, NC Historical, Philosophical and Empirical Perspectives on Animal Consciousness awarded by National Science Foundation (Principal Investigator).
to Animal Consciousness: Some Philosophical, Methodological, and Evolutionary Problems1. CLOSE Matt Cartmill Department of Biological, Anthropology and Anatomy, Box , Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina American Zoologist Published by: The Animal Consciousness: Some Philosophical, Methodological, and Evolutionary Problems1.
CLOSE Matt Cartmill Department of Biological, Anthropology and Anatomy, Box , Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina The reality of animal consciousness was first called into serious. Matt Cartmill argues that concsciousness does not only contribute to humans, but to non-humans as well, animals.
Consciousness has been prescribed as a human experience in spite of all of the evidence that has been showed that animals have consciousness.
American Zoologist Published by: The Animal Consciousness: Some Philosophical, Methodological, and Evolutionary Problems1. CLOSE Matt Cartmill Department of Biological, Anthropology and Anatomy, Box , Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina The reality of animal consciousness was first .
MATT CARTMILL activity in the brain are replaced by the pat-terns characteristic of epilepsy or sleep, or when the tissues of the brain are inﬁltrated.